02-21-2015, 04:31 PM
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) is carrying out joint entrance examination (JEE) advanced 24 May 2015. The examination will be held for a duration of three hours for each paper. According to the schedule, which will take place between 9 am and 12 pm Paper and Paper II will be held from 2 to 5 pm.
The curriculum of chemistry is:
Chemistry is separated into three parts:
General topics: Concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton's atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical formulas; Balanced chemical equations; (Based on the concept of the mole) calculations involving common oxidation-reduction, neutralization, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molarity, normality and Molalitat.
The gaseous and liquid states: Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases, mean, mean square and most probable velocities and their relationship with temperature. Law of partial pressures; Vapor pressure; Diffusion of gases.
Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Wave - corpuscle, de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Image qualitative quantum mechanics hydrogen atoms forms of s, p and d orbits; Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic number 36); Aufbau principle of Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's rule; Orbital overlap and covalent bond; Hybridization with s, p and d orbits only; Orbital energy diagrams homonuclear diatomic species; Hydrogen; Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and the shapes of molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal trigonalbipyramidal, tetrahedral and octahedral).
Energy: First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume work; Enthalpy, Hess's law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Free energy; Criterion of spontaneity.
Chemical equilibrium: Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Paris principle (effect of concentration, temperature and pressure); Importance of? G? G0 in chemical equilibrium; Solubility product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions; Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts); Hydrolysis of salts.
Electrochemistry: Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Standard electrode potential; Nernst equation and its relationship with? G; Electrifying, emf galvanic cells; Faraday's laws of electrolysis; Electrolytic conductance, specific conductivity, and molar equivalent, Kohlrausch law; Cell concentration.
Chemical kinetics: rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Constant speed; First order reactions; Temperature dependence of the rate constant (Arrhenius equation).
Solid state: Classification of solids, crystalline state, crystal systems set (cell parameters a, b, c), close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc and hcp bcc lattices; The nearest neighbors, ionic radii, simple ionic compounds, point defects.
Solutions: Raoult's law; Determination of molecular weight lower vapor pressure, elevation of boiling point and freezing point depression.
Surface chemistry: basic concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption band); Colloids: types, methods of preparation and general properties; Ideas elementary emulsion and surfactant micelles (only definitions and examples).
Nuclear Chemistry: Radioactivity: isotopes and Isobar; Properties?,? and? rays; Kinetics of radioactive decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to the ratio of protons neutrons; Brief discussion on fission and fusion reactions.
Isolation / preparation and properties of the following non-metals boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus, oxygen, sulfur and halogens for; Properties of carbon allotropes (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and sulfur.
Preparation and properties of the following compounds: oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates, Bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Bor: diborane, boric acid and borax; Aluminium: alumina, aluminum chloride and alumni; Carbon oxides and oxyacid (carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen oxide, ammonia and oxyacids; Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen sulfide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulfuric acid and sodium thiosulphate; Make: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides.
Transition elements (3d series): Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities, colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment; Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds, cis-trans and ionisation isomerisms, hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear, tetrahedral, square planar and octahedral).
Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead; Oxides, chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+, Cu2+ and Zn2+; Potassium permanganate, potassium dichromate, silver oxide, silver nitrate, silver thiosulphate.
Ores and minerals: Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron, copper, tin, lead, magnesium, aluminium, zinc and silver.
Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded); Carbon reduction method (iron and tin); Self reduction method (copper and lead); Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium); Cyanide process (silver and gold).
Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+, Hg2+, Cu2+, Pb2+, Bi3+, Fe3+, Cr3+, Al3+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Zn2+, Mn2+ and Mg2+); Nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide.
Concepts: Hybridisation of carbon; ? and ?-bonds; Shapes of simple organic molecules; Structural and geometrical isomerism; Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres, (R,S and E,Z nomenclature excluded); IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons, mono-functional and bi-functional compounds); Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections); Resonance and hyperconjugation; Keto-enoltautomerism; Determination of empirical and molecular formulae of simple compounds (only combustion method); Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids; Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases; Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides; Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage; Formation, structure and stability of carbocations, carbanions and free radicals.
Preparation, properties and reactions of alkanes: Homologous series, physical properties of alkanes (melting points, boiling points and density); Combustion and halogenation of alkanes; Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions.
Preparation, properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes: Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points, density and dipole moments); Acidity of alkynes; Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination); Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone; Reduction of alkenes and alkynes; Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions; Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2, HX, HOX and H2O (X=halogen); Addition reactions of alkynes; Metal acetylides.
Reactions of benzene: Structure and aromaticity; Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation, nitration, sulphonation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation; Effect of o-, m- and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes.
Phenols: Acidity, electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation, nitration and sulphonation); Reimer-Tieman reaction, Kolbe reaction.
Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above): Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation, Grignard reactions, nucleophilic substitution reactions; Alcohols: esterification, dehydration and oxidation, reaction with sodium, phosphorus halides, ZnCl2/concentrated HCl, conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones; Ethers: Preparation by Williamson's Synthesis; Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation, reduction, oxime and hydrazone formation; aldol condensation, Perkin reaction; Cannizzaro reaction; haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition); Carboxylic acids: formation of esters, acid chlorides and amides, ester hydrolysis; Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines, preparation from nitro compounds, reaction with nitrous acid, azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines, Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts; carbylamine reaction; Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes (excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution).
Carbohydrates: Classification; mono- and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose); Oxidation, reduction, glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose.
Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties.
Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber, cellulose, nylon, teflon and PVC.
Practical organic chemistry: Detection of elements (N, S, halogens); Detection and identification of the following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic), carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone), carboxyl, amino and nitro; Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures.