11-13-2014, 07:22 PM
The first time the Inter-University Consortium for the cryosphere and climate change (IUCCCC) conducts research glacier in four states of India, funded by the Department of Science and Technology (DST). Also unprecedented participation of the University of Jammu and Kashmir University in this work.
Professor Bharat Desai, University Jawaharlal Nehru School (JNU) International Studies told The Hindu, that in November 2012 the Vice-Chancellors JNU, University of Jammu, Kashmir and Sikkim University University took the initiative and got the project going. Daylight saving time supported the five-year study with Rs. 18 rupees, but the important aspect is that the study uses advanced equipment and technology for the study of glaciers. Professor Milap Chand Sharma from JNU says that the study of various glaciers aims to explore the relationship between changes in the cryosphere and the impact on society.
"Glaciers we chose to feed irrigation systems in villages and also meet the demand for water, and any temperature change will be reflected in the water and glacier mass," Professor Sharma said. Funds from DST Rs. 13 crore will be spent on the purchase of modern equipment for the measurement of black carbon on the glaciers and green greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and establish a "Robotic total station", which map the glacier area in addition to the GPR radar, which gives the total mass of ice.
For the first time the universities participating in the study have access to this type of equipment and other important component of the study is to calculate the chronology of glaciers. Isotopic studies of ice will be held Kashmir University and radio carbon dating on Jammu. In addition the study will have optical dating sediments to find out their age by half a million years, explained Professor charm. These data on the dating of deposits will be associated with the phase of global climate change and regional variations too, so alone, he added.
The study includes glacier in Kashmir, Karakorum, Himachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Uttarakhand. JNU examines two glaciers of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh. In Jammu and Kashmir seven glaciers will be studied separately from two in Sikkim.
The study was initiated in April 2013 and was completed preliminary work. These glaciers are studied as a benchmark glaciers as they have communities dependent on them, says Professor charm. Villages like Harthy depend on water from the glacier Kalapani in Uttarakhand while in Himachal Pradesh Menthosa glacier has four villages that used it with water.
The study was way wrong prediction caused glaciers melting by 2035, the report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). After five years, the consortium plans to cooperate and seek funding from foreign universities in the future. Already intern students at universities in the United States to study.
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