03-10-2015, 04:51 PM
Ceramics is a broad term used to describe natural and synthetic materials with mostly crystalline structure (ordered structure). Composite materials are made of metal and non-metal used to make household who traveled widely, this spacecraft such as heat-resistant material. The word "ceramic" goes back to the Greek word Keramikos '' meaning pottery, which is said to be derived from the Indo-European word ker, ie heat. The ceramic industry covers everything from small-scale artisan sale Clay pots International Corporation provides a line of semiconductors. Throughout history, ceramics have played an important role in industry and everyday life as it was used to produce art for storage of food and even money, and the industry is expanding more and more essential with every improvement in technology.
In the early days, manufacturers of ceramic industry depended only natural products, land that is rather basic and advanced quartz and clay, stone and porcelain, which offer greater durability and resistance. Finally, they began to develop substitutes for these natural products as inorganic silicide, oxide, fiber reinforced ceramics. The field of nanotechnology also opened new doors for the ceramics industry as manufacturers look for materials that can be used in applications incredibly small scale. Due to the strength, durability, tailor-made properties, prolong life, lower costs and non-metallic properties of ceramics and a large percentage of electronic goods, medical equipment and thousands of other items to make use of its application. Ceramics can offer many advantages of metal card without transferring thermal and electrical current associated with metal products.
Products in the ceramic industry can be classified as four basic types namely:
Earthenware or ceramic dishes including white-goods, ceramics, porcelain, etc.
Structural ceramics-including those used in the construction industry, such as bricks, pipes, floor tiles, etc.
-Refractory ceramic involves things like oven liners, glass products, abrasives, etc.
High performance technical ceramics (pottery designed) -includes things like brake pads ceramic dental implants, semiconductors, etc.
Alias engineering technology ceramic pottery is the branch of materials science and engineering that deals with the properties, manufacture, design and applications of ceramic materials. It is the science and technology to create objects of inorganic, non-metallic, either by the action of heat, cold temperatures or precipitation reactions using high purity chemical solutions. Engineering / ceramic technology also addresses the treatment of subjects, study and production of the chemicals concerned, their training components and the study of its structure and composition. Ceramic Technology is useful in many ways-to protect the internal electrical short circuit boards and other mishaps; systems for innovative, ultra-fast using superconducting ceramic, glass lasers and optical fibers; develop components for fiber optic cables which allows doctors to examine the internal organs of the human body.
Artists and craftsmen concerned with the creation of ceramic pottery and sculpture are called. Those dealing with the study, research and development of ceramic materials are called engineers / technologists ceramic pottery. Pottery technologists are specialists who study the heat-resistant materials, their behavior, application and use. Using the basic principles of chemistry, physics and materials science for analysis, design, manufacture and maintain ceramic systems. They work with a variety of products, from glass and electronics to nuclear reactors and coatings for treatment of blast and jet engines. The role of an engineer is huge pottery in various branches of Engineering and Electrical Engineering, Materials Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and many others. Develop different types of equipment needed for satellites, nuclear reactors, commercial establishments and scientific establishments and even the pollution control devices. Engineers also developed using ceramic heat tiles to protect the space shuttle and space supersonic aircraft of the future of the burning heat of re-entry into the atmosphere of the earth.
Ceramic and Ceramic technology has developed over time and are being used in almost all traditional as well as advanced everyday applications. Traditional applications of ceramic technology include consumer products like dinnerware or ovenware and construction products like tile or windows, etc. Advanced applications take advantage of specific mechanical/ electrical/ optical/ biomedical/ chemical properties of glass or ceramic materials and have entered the scene over the last several decades or so. In India, the ceramics industry is growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 15% with a lot of job opportunities. Recent advances in technology have expanded the applications of ceramic engineering.
HOW TO BECOME A CERAMIC ENGINEER
Those who intend to become a ceramic engineer/ ceramic technologists must have an engineering degree in ceramic engineering. Various colleges in India are offering graduation (B.E/ B.Tech) and post graduation (M.E/ M.Tech) level courses. 10+2 in Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics with a high percentage of marks is the minimum educational qualification for pursuing 4 years bachelors program in Ceramic Engineering/ Technology. Aspirants has to clear national or state level entrance exams or the particular institutes exam for admission. Diploma holders can get direct admission to the second year of the course. Candidates from streams like Mechanical/ Civil/ Electrical/ Chemical and Materials engineering can also become a ceramic engineer.
After graduation, students who are interested to do higher studies can join the 2 years postgraduate program (M.E/ M.Tech) in Ceramic engineering. Those with B.E/ B.Tech in Ceramic/ Chemical/ Mechanical/ Electrical/ Manufacturing or other related field can apply for master's degree. Admissions are based on the marks obtained in the graduation level. But in some institutes, the selection is based on GATE score. After post graduation, one could go for research and opt for Ph.D/ M.Phil.
Besides professional engineering degree, there are numerous polytechnics in India that offer 3 year diploma in Ceramic Engineering. Eligibility for diploma program is a pass in 10th std board exam with at least 50% marks. By doing this diploma course in Ceramic engineering, the student gets comprehensive knowledge of ceramics, their composition, process of manufacture and proper utilization, and is evaluated on his/her basis of the practical and theoretical knowledge. After completing the 3 year course, students are required to undergo 6 months training in any related industry.
Indian Institute of Ceramics conduct Associate Membership Examination of the Institute of Engineers (AMIE), which enables working people in the private and public sector, or diploma holders to acquire a Bachelor's engineering degree through distance education.
Personal Attributes Needed
Those who are interested in ceramic engineering field must have detailed knowledge of various processes and principles involved with different types of ceramic substances. They should have a strong grounding in basic sciences, analytical and technical skills, detail orientation and creativity. Hands on approach, team spirit, problem solving skills, ability to understand the demand of the market, good communication skills, ability to convey their ideas are some of the attributes needed for a good ceramic engineer.
JOB OPPORTUNITIES AND CAREER OPTIONS IN CERAMIC ENGINEERING
Ceramic Engineers/ Technologists are specialists in the study of ceramic materials, their behavior, application and use. The major task of a ceramic engineer is to develop new products using existing ceramic materials. They develop methods for processing nonmetallic inorganic materials into many ceramic products ranging from glassware, fiber optics products, cement and bricks, to coatings for space vehicles, materials for microelectronics, components of nuclear fuel, and pollution control devices. Ceramic Engineers are responsible for optimizing the processes by which ceramics are produced, besides using them to design new products. Several steps are involved in the process of making ceramic products and optimizing any one of the step can increase the efficiency of the overall production process. In most cases, raw materials are ground into a fine powder and by using a formula, it is mixed with several other components to make a particular shape. It is then dried carefully and heated to high temperature.
The major work area of a ceramic engineer involves in the field of research, design, production, testing and sales.
Research : Ceramic technologists research new applications to replace existing products. In the research field, the main work of Ceramic technologists involves the study and application of chemical and thermal interactions of oxides, which make ceramics.
Design : Ceramic engineers design the machinery and tools used in the production process and also design ceramic products. Ceramic engineers design the kilns and other equipment used in manufacturing as well as direct the crew that build the plants and operate the kilns.
Production: Ceramic engineers are generally involved in the technological development of specific production processes. In glass industry, their work involves manufacture of tableware, fibre optics, bulbs, windowpanes, and electronics ancillaries. Ceramic engineers in the electronics sector, manufacture integrated circuits, sensors etc. Ceramic engineers who are involved in production, direct the processing of the natural raw minerals and synthetic materials used to make ceramics.
Testing : Ceramic engineers are responsible for testing the quality of raw materials and samples prepared for production in the testing laboratories.
Sales: A Ceramic engineer who work in the sales department, should understand the customer needs, for projecting these requirements to guide further research.
Job opportunities are available for Ceramic engineers / technologists in both public and private sectors. Some of the job profiles available in the field of ceramic engineering/ technology are:
Joints Treatment Engineer
Ceramic ware manufacturing units, Research and development laboratories, Educational institutions etc. are some of the fields that offer great job prospects to ceramic engineers. In manufacturing units, a fresh ceramic engineering graduate can start up their career as a technical management trainee/ junior or assistant technologist. With several years of experience, they can attain superior positions like administrators, project supervisors, sales engineers, department heads, technical consultants etc. Those who delve into the field of R & D with doctoral qualification can find opportunities in laboratories and Universities.
As ceramic industry is a broad field, various other industries like electronics, telecommunications, dentistry, astronomy, automobiles, physics and chemistry make use of it. Job openings are available for ceramic engineering graduates in the said areas and their nature of work also varies depending on the field. Astronauts, dentists, and astronomers all depend on ceramic technologists or ceramic engineers to develop such varied products such as sophisticated telescope lenses, ceramic fillings for teeth, composite materials in space technology, ceramic spark plugs used in aerospace industry, etc. Ceramic engineering graduates who are interested in medical field can focus on dental amalgams, facilitate biocompatible ceramic components like ceramic carbon fiber patches which is used to restore ligament damage and so on.
Ceramic technologists can work in the nuclear field, where the ceramic fuel materials make nuclear power generation possible. Ceramic engineers can also work with physicists in developing ceramic superconductors. Ceramic engineers can specialize in producing electrical ceramic materials. Termed as dielectrical engineers, they are concerned with the production of thermal, nuclear and electrical current containments for power generation.
For getting employment in the public sector, ceramic engineering graduates have to undergo various government examinations like UPSC, PSC or SSC. Major public sector organizations recruiting these graduates are:
Indian Space Research Organization
Defense Metallurgical Research Laboratory
Bhabha Atomic Research Centre
Institute for Plasma Research
Public sector banks, Factories and Plants
Other related work areas of ceramic engineers includes aircraft, watercraft, heating and cooling systems, industrial equipment and machinery, food industries, packaging science, industrial and transmission electricity, guided light wave transmission etc.
Besides these areas, those with an artistic blend of mind can work with ceramic materials to produce creative and attractive ceramic artifacts in porcelain, clay, tiles etc.
Pay scale of ceramic engineers varies with the educational qualification, job profile, work experience and the location where they work. Initial pay scale in this field may be low as compared to engineers from certain other branches. Fresh ceramic technology graduate can earn anything between Rs. 8000 to Rs. 15,000 per month. With several years of experience, one can earn more than Rs. 40,000 per month. A senior engineer can earn up to Rs 50,000 a month. Experts at management levels can earn up to Rs. 60,000/- or even more. The starting salary scale for a lecturer in a college is Rs 12,000- Rs 13,000 per month.
In the government sector, initial basic pay scale ranges between Rs. 5000/- to Rs.9000/- per month plus other perks and benefits. Life, health, and accident insurance and retirement benefits are usually offered to ceramic technologists on a contributing or employer-paid basis. Some employers also offer stock options; profit sharing plans or pays annual bonuses.
CERAMIC ENGINEERING INSTITUTES
Click on the following Course name to get the list of institutes conducting Ceramic Engineering Courses
B.E. Cement and Ceramic Engineering
B.Tech. - M.Tech. Ceramic Engineering
B.Tech. Ceramic Engineering
B.Tech. Ceramic Technology
Diploma in Ceramic Technology
Diploma in Dental Ceramic Technology
Diploma in Glass and Ceramic Engineering
M.Tech. Ceramic Technology
Ph.D. Ceramic Engineering